Study on trade between France and England
From the Prefecture's archives, we could compile statistics on trade between France and England from 1844 to 1865 (see Associated document below).
In 1842, England greatly reduces taxes on raw, manufactured and semi - manufactured materials and removes export duties on finished products .
In 1853, Gladstone, Chancellor of the Exchequer of Palmerston, accentuates the customs barriers .
In 1860, year of the Treaty of Cobden -Chevalier, products that were still taxed were essentially luxury goods .
In the context of free trade and to encourage French industrial production, Napoleon III wantedto remove at the same time customs duties on wool, cotton and prohibitions, to reduce taxes on sugar and coffee, the rights to channels . He also wanted to improve channels of communication, give grants to agriculture and industry and signe trade treaties with foreign powers.